Verbal Agreements Civil Law


Verbal Agreements in Civil Law: Understanding Your Rights and Obligations

In the world of business and personal transactions, verbal agreements are common. These agreements are often made without any written documentation and are based solely on the trust and understanding between the parties involved. However, when it comes to civil law, verbal agreements can be tricky and may not always hold up in court.

If you find yourself in a situation where a verbal agreement has been made, it is important to understand your rights and obligations under civil law. Here are some key things to keep in mind.

Verbal Agreements are Legally Binding

While verbal agreements may not be as ironclad as written contracts, they are still legally binding. Under civil law, verbal agreements are enforceable, and the parties involved are obligated to fulfill their end of the agreement. This means that if one party fails to meet their obligations, the other party may have legal recourse.

However, proving the terms of a verbal agreement can be challenging. Without written documentation, it can be difficult to establish what the exact terms of the agreement were and what expectations each party had. This is where having a clear and detailed understanding of the agreement at the time it was made can be beneficial.

Statute of Frauds

Under the Statute of Frauds, certain types of agreements must be in writing to be enforceable. These include agreements for the sale of real property, contracts that cannot be performed within one year, and agreements for the sale of goods over a certain amount. If a verbal agreement falls under one of these categories, it may not be enforceable under civil law.

The rule of thumb is that any agreement that is significant in scope or value should be put in writing. This not only protects the parties involved but also provides legal clarity in case of any disputes.

Burden of Proof

In civil law, the burden of proof lies with the party making the claim. This means that if you are trying to enforce a verbal agreement, you will need to provide evidence that the agreement was made and that both parties understood and agreed to the terms. Keep in mind that the evidence may need to be strong enough to persuade a judge or jury.

In order to prove the existence of a verbal agreement, you may need to provide witness statements, email or text conversations, and any other documentation that supports your case. It is also important to act quickly, as the time limit for filing a lawsuit for breach of contract under civil law is typically shorter than for other types of claims.


Verbal agreements can be a convenient and effective way to make deals and agreements, but they come with their own set of legal challenges. Under civil law, verbal agreements are legally binding, but proving the terms and existence of the agreement can be difficult without written documentation.

If you find yourself in a dispute over a verbal agreement, it is important to consult with an experienced civil law attorney who can provide guidance and representation. With careful planning and legal guidance, you can protect your rights and obligations when it comes to verbal agreements in civil law.